As a driver, you need to be aware of unusual signs that your car displays while driving. Strange sounds or movements could mean that there is a problem with the car. If the steering wheel shakes, there is a possibility that the problem is with the wheels or tyres, wheel bearing, and issues with the suspension components.
Detecting the exact problem can be time-consuming and frustrating due to the presence of a lot of components on today’s vehicle. A good idea is to start with diagnosing tyre and wheel balance issues and then advance into more complex possibilities.
Most common signs for tyre and wheel balance issues are that the steering wheel shakes more when the car is being accelerated and the shaking or vibration decreases with reduced speed or deceleration.
Unbalanced wheels i.e. worn, deflated or underinflated tyres, misaligned wheels can be checked by a tyre specialist. However, an issue with the tyre if detected should be quickly addressed to prevent further damage and accidents. Alignment problems, for instance, could cause damage to your tyres making future drives uncomfortable, irritating and dangerous.
Wheel bearings allow the wheel to turn without friction and hold the wheel hub to the vehicle’s suspension. If they are not lubricated or are damaged, this can result in a shaky steering wheel. Also if they are not replaced on time, they can break causing the wheel hub assembly to get detached from the vehicle and this is a very dangerous situation.
You will also feel the shaking and vibrate if the rack and pinion are damaged. Also if any suspension components are worn it will usually feel like the motion factor of the car is about to fall apart with the slightest bump.
Modern cars have several components that make up the suspension system. These components function to provide steering input, ensure the vehicle drives straight just to mention a few. Over time a lot of suspension issues can arise causing steering vibrations and they are easy to fix once detected.
The tie rods should be first inspected for wear and tear before building the diagnosis to more complex components. Other components such as shocks, struts and springs and also bushings can then be inspected. However once it has been established that the shaking steering is caused by a suspension component and the above are not the problems, a proper inspection of the entire suspension system can be carried out.
For best results that would save you time and money, it is best to trust the professionals when your steering wheel shakes because we will always be able to help you with tasks that you are not familiar with.